Papers

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Thredbo 13

Workshop 1. Developing an Effective Performance Regime

Safety as a key performance indicator: creating a safety culture for enhanced passenger safety and comfort *
Anders Wretstrand, Bengt Holmberg and Monica Berntman Department of Technology and Society, Lund University, Sweden

Incentives in bus concession contracts: the Latin American experience
Andres Gomez-Lobo Department of Economics, Faculty of Economics and Business, University of Chile Julio Briones Department of Transport Engineering and Logistics, School of Engineering, Catholic University of Chile

Measuring the performance of urban public transport in relation to public policy objectives *
Bruno Faivre D'Arcier LET - University of Lyon, France

Can regulatory policies improve the performance of a bus system? An statistical analysis for the case of Transantiago
Carlos Melo Industrial Engineering School, Diego Portales University, Chile

The looming crisis in French public transit
Dominique Bouf and Bruno Faivre D'Arcier LET - University of Lyon, France

Performance measurement systems for public transport systems in mass events: lessons learned from the Southern Mashaer rail system during the 2010 pilgrimage season
Baha Alshalalfah SETS International, Beirut, Lebanon Isam Kaysi Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, American University of Beirut, Lebanon; SETS International, Beirut, Lebanon Arwa Sayegh SETS International, Beirut, Lebanon Amer Shalaby Department of Civil Engineering, University of Toronto, Canada

Incorporating service reliability in public transport design and performance requirements: international survey results and recommendations *
Niels van Oort Department of Transport and Planning, Delft University of Technology, The Netherlands and Goudappel Coffeng Mobility Consultants, The Hague, The Netherlands

An automated data driven performance regime for operations management, planning, and control
Dominick Tribone Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority, Boston, MA, USA David Block-Schachter, John Attanucci and Nigel H.M. Wilson Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, USA

Measuring and improving the efficiency and effectiveness of bus public transport systems *
Georgios Georgiadis, Ioannis Politis and Panagiotis Papaioannou Department of Civil Engineering, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece

Incentive schemes, provision of quality and monitoring: the case of the public transit system in Santiago de Chile *
Patricia Galilea and Marco Batarce Department of Transport Engineering and Logistics, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile; BRT Centre of Excellence; Centre for Sustainable Urban Development

Implementing New Zealand's new public transport operating model: a description of the challenges and progress to date
Rhona Hewitt Greater Wellington Regional Council, New Zealand Rachel Drew NZ Bus Limited, New Zealand

Efficient frontier analysis of Dutch public transport tendering: a first analysis *
Wijnand Veeneman, Janneke Wilshut, Thijs Urlings and Jos Blank Faculty of Technology, Policy and Management, Delft University of Technology, The Netherlands Didier van de Velde Faculty of Technology, Policy and Management, Delft University of Technology, The Netherlands and inno-V, The Netherlands



Workshop 2. Bus Rapid Transit (BRT)

Paradoxes of establishing mass rapid transit systems in African cities - A case of Dar es Salaam Rapid Transit (DART) system, Tanzania *
Abdi Ka'bange, David Mfinanga and Edwin Hema Department of Transportation and Geotechnical Engineering, University of Dar es Salaam, United Republic Of Tanzania

Brazilian bus operators versus new entrants: analysis of BRT's role
Andre Dantas Brazilian National Association of Urban Transport Companies, Brazil

Implementing Bus Rapid Transit: A tale of two Indian cities *
Andrea Rizvi and Elliott Sclar Department of Urban Planning, Columbia University, USA

Developing BRT in the Philippines - design, institutional and regulatory issues
Colin Brader Integrated Transport Planning Ltd, UK Brendan Finn ETTS Ltd, Ireland

Institutional frameworks and private sector participation in BRT - international practice
Brendan Finn ETTS Ltd, Ireland

Drivers of Bus Rapid Transit systems - influences on ridership and service frequency *
David A. Hensher, Zheng Li and Corinne Mulley Institute of Transport and Logistics Studies, The University of Sydney Business School, Australia

BRT versus heavy rail in suburban Sydney: comparing successive iterations of a proposed heavy rail line project to the pre-existing BRT network *
Geoffrey Clifton, Corinne Mulley and David A. Hensher Institute for Transport and Logistics Studies, The University of Sydney Business School, Australia

Assessing Bus Rapid Transit system performance in Australasia *
Graham Currie and Alexa Delbosc Institute of Transport Studies, Department of Civil Engineering, Monash University, Australia

Comparative analysis of six Latin American transit systems
Juan Carlos Muñoz and Marco Batarce Department of Transport Engineering and Logistics, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile; BRT Centre of Excellence; Centre for Sustainable Urban Development Ignacia Torres Department of Transport Engineering and Logistics, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, BRT Centre of Excellence

BRT in South Africa: keep the strategy - review the action plan!
Paul Browning TransForum Business Development, South Africa

Regulating the urban minibus sector in Accra and Kumasi - achieving the platform for transformation
Samson Gyamera and Mike Konadu Pre-GAPTE Unit, Ministry of Local Government and Rural Development, Ghana Brendan Finn ETTS Ltd, Ireland

Policy packaging in BRT projects: a methodology for case study analysis *
Luis N. Filipe and Rosário Macário Department of Civil Engineering, Architecture and Georesources, Instituto Superior Técnico, Universidade de Lisboa, Portugal

Public transport integration in Bogota and Cali, Colombia facing transition from semi-deregulated services to full regulation citywide *
Dario Hidalgo EMBARQ World Resources Institute, Colombia; BRT Centre of Excellence

Transatiago, five years after its launch *
Juan Carlos Muñoz and Marco Batarce Department of Transport Engineering and Logistics, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile; BRT Centre of Excellence; Centre for Sustainable Urban Development Dario Hidalgo EMBARQ, World Resources Institute, Colombia; BRT Centre of Excellence



Workshop 3. Institutional and Operational Reforms within Different Socio-economic and Cultural Contexts

Public transport and social capital: the case of an economy in transition
Andrei Dementiev National Research University Higher School of Economics, Russian Federation

Political economy of ownership change in suburban railway transport in Russia *
Andrei Dementiev Higher School of Economics, Russia

Twelve years of rail reform in Italy: achievements and problems
Ferdinando Stanta Studio Stanta Consulting, Italy

The role and responsibilities of government in support of public transport services in South Africa
Jackie Walters Institute of Transport and Logistics Studies (Africa), University of Johannesburg, South Africa

A strategy for increasing public transport market share - an investigation of an alternative development *
Johan Holmgren Division of Communications and Transport Systems, Department of Science and Technology, Linköping University, Sweden

Competitive tendering in an entry regulated market - an accident waiting to happen?
Jørgen Aarhaug Institute of Transport Economics, Norway

Revisiting regulatory reform for bus operations in Latin America Laurel Paget-Seekins Departamento de Ingeniería de Transporte y Logística, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile Onesimo Flores Dewey Department of Urban Studies and Planning, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, USA Juan Carlos Muñoz Departamento de Ingeniería de Transporte y Logística, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile

Institutional analysis of urban public transport systems: the case of New York City
Maria Spandou and Rosário Macário Department of Civil Engineering, Architecture and Georesources, Instituto Superior Técnico, Universidade de Lisboa, Portugal

Theoretical essay about the imperfect competition in Brazilian bus transportation networks
Matheus Henrique de Sousa Oliveira and Romulo Dante Orrico Filho Transport Engineering Program, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Feeder-Trunk or direct lines? The determinants of the optimal structure of transit services
Antonio Gschwender and Sergio Jara-Diaz and Claudia Bravo Universidad de Chile

What occurred when the government recognized the responsibility for regional public transport: comparative analysis between Japan and Malaysia
Sotaro Yukawa The University of Shiga Prefecture, Japan

Understanding market-oriented reforms in local public transportation - results from Finland and Germany
Torsten Seidel and Jarmo Vakkuri University of Tampere, Finland

Open access for railways and transaction cost economics - Is the European approach appropriate for all of Australia's train operations? *
Rico Merkert and David Hensher Institute for Transport and Logistics Studies, The University of Sydney Business School, Australia



Workshop 4. Governance, Ownership and Competition in Deregulated Public Transport Markets

Legal and organisational developments in the German land passenger transport
Astrid Karl KCW GmbH, Germany

Deregulation of local bus services in Japan
Fumio Kurosaki and Hajime Oyauchi Institute of Transportation Economics, Japan

Next stop for Swedish rail reforms? New Government Committee reviewing the organisation of the sector
Gunnar Alexandersson The Government Offices, Sweden

Performance, profit and consumer sovereignty in the English deregulated bus market *
Jonathan Cowie Transport Research Institute, Edinburgh Napier University, UK

Commercial bus operations in Stockholm - will it work? A simulation analysis
Kjell Jansson Transport Analysis, Sweden

Subsidised and non-subsidised public transport side by side a socio-economic analysis of the Arlanda case
Tom Petersen Trafikanalys, Sweden

Transitioning to a new partnering approach - New Zealand regulator perspective
Julie Alexander New Zealand Transport Agency Viviane Maguire New Zealand Ministry of Transport

Analysis of intercity bus markets on long distances in an established and a young market: the example of the US and Germany *
Katrin Augustin KCW GmbH, Berlin, Germany Regine Gerike Institute for Transport Studies, Department of Landscape, Spatial and Infrastructure Sciences, University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Vienna, Austria Manuel Josue Martinez Sanchez and Carolina Ayala Institute for Transportation, Technical University of Munich, Germany

How will the deregulation affect ambitions for increase public transport use?
Stephan Bosch, Anna Clark and Lena Smidfelt-Rosqvist Trivector Traffic AB, Sweden

The Swedish experiment - results so far and implications for the future based on the need for subsidization
Anders Ljungberg Trafikanalys, Sweden

Convergence or divergence perspective: multi-stakeholder dialogue on formal and informal forms of public transport in Harare, Zimbabwe
Tatenda Mbara Department of Transport and Supply Chain Management, University of Johannesburg, South Africa Smart Dumba Department of Rural and Urban Planning, University of Zimbabwe Tapiwa Mukwashi Department of Rural and Urban Planning, University of Zimbabwe

Evaluating the long term impacts of transport policy: the case of bus deregulation revisited *
John Preston and Talal AlmutairiTransportation Research Group, University of Southampton, UK

Estimating welfare change from local bus deregulation in Japan
Hiroki Sakai Faculty of Business Administration, Tottori University of Environmental Studies, Japan Kenichi Shoji Graduate School of Business Administration, Kobe University, Japan Yoshinori Takahashi Faculty of Business Administration, Kinki University, Japan

Competition in the railway passenger market in the Czech Republic *
Zdenĕk Tomeš and Martin Kvizda Department of Economics, Masaryk University Brno, Czech Republic Tomáš Nigrin Institute of International Studies, Charles University Prague, Czech Republic Daniel Seidenglanz Department of Geography, Masaryk University Brno, Czech Republic

Local bus services in Japan: price elasticity and public transport policy
Kiyohito Utsunomiya Faculty of Economics, Kansai University, Japan

An assessment of the Competition Commission report and subsequent outcomes *
Peter White Department of Planning and Transport, University of Westminster, UK



Workshop 5. The Roles and Responsibilities of Government and Operators

Does size matter: linking governance with performance
Chris Lowe Bus Association Victoria Inc, Australia

The reform of passenger rail in Switzerland: more performance without competition *
Christian Desmaris Institute of Political Studies of Lyon, Laboratory of Transport Economics, University of Lyon, France

All change in Sydney NSW, Australia: from permanency to competitive markets
David Royle Forest Coach lines, Australia and Ian MacDonald Australian Public Transport Industrial Association, Australia

The reform of Europe's passenger railways: the need for interoperability
Ernest Godward European Railway Agency, France Torben Holvad European Railway Agency, France; Transport Studies Unit, University of Oxford, UK Mauro Capurso European Railway Agency, France

Regional railway passenger transport in Leipzig region:opening to competition and operating costs analysis *
Laurent Guihery Laboratoire d'Economie des Transports, Université Lumiére Lyon 2 - France

A Scandinavian public transport model? A comparative study of Denmark, Norway, and Sweden
Lisa Hansson Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Sweden Enza Lissandrello Department of Development and Planning, Aalborg University, Denmark Frode Longva Norwegian Institute of Transport Economics, Norway Petter Naess Department of Landscape Architecture and Spatial Planning, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Norway Tim Richardson Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Sweden and Tomas Svensson Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Sweden

Public transport through procurement - do competent local authorities manage to procure effectively?
Maria Melkersson Transport Analysis, Sweden

Influence of competitive tendering on perceived quality of public transport - case studies of two Polish cities
Michal Wolanski Warsaw School of Economics, Poland

Incentives for increasing efficiency in the railway sector - the case of Norway
Jørgen Aarhaug, Silvia Olsen and Farideh Ramjerdi Institute of Transport Economics, Norway

Impacts of quasi-market reforms on local public bus transportation actors in Finland and Germany
Torsten Seidel and Jarmo Vakkuri School of Management, University of Tampere, Finland

Contestability in passenger transport bus contracts - what is the future of private negotiated contracts in Australia?
Timothy Arbuckle Deloitte Australia

Competitive aspects in the metropolitan region of Recife bidding terms for the delegation of its urban bus system
Fernando Rolim Tribunal de Contas do Estado de Pernambuco, Brazil Enilson Santos Departamento de Engenharia Civil, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil Leonardo Meira Departamento de Engenharia Civil, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Brazil

How can customer focus be strengthened in competitive tendering? *
Christoph Schaaffkamp KCW GmbH, Germany

The emergence of hybrid service design regimes in Dutch public transport
Didier van de Velde Delft University of Technology, The Netherlands David Eerdmans inno-V, The Netherlands



Workshop 6. Delivering Sustainable Public Transport

Metrobuses in Sydney: how high capacity and high frequency services are benefiting the metropolitan fringe *
Corinne Mulley and Chinh Ho Institute of Transport and Logistics Studies, The University of Sydney Business School, Australia

The design, management and operation of flexible transport systems: comparison of experience between UK, Japan and India *
Steve Wright and David Emele dot.rural Digital Economy Research Hub, King's College, University of Aberdeen, UK Masayuki Fukumoto Toyota Transportation Research Institute, Japan Nagendra Velaga Civil Engineering Department, Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay, Mumbai, India John D. Nelson Centre for Transport Research and dot.rural Digital Economy Research Hub, King's College, University of Aberdeen, UK

Exhaust emissions of transit buses: Brazil and India case studies *
Erin Cooper EMBARQ-WRI USA Magdala Arioli EMBARQ Brazil Aileen Carrigan EMBARQ-WRI USA

The place of citizen action to improve the social and environmental sustainability of local rural transport *
Janet Stanley Monash University, Australia John Stanley Institute of Transport and Logistics Studies, The University of Sydney, Australia Margaret Banks McAuley Community Services for Women, Australia

Land use / transport integration: starting at the right place *
John Stanley Institute of Transport and Logistics Studies, The University of Sydney, Australia

Price elasticity levels for non-paying users of public transport systems
Julián Sastre Fundación Caminos de Hierro, Spain Fernando Manzanares Independent Consultant, Spain Jorge Javier Muruzabal Taryet SL, Spain

Understanding the influence of social disadvantage on the travel behaviours of low income populations
Karen Lucas Institute of Transport Studies, Leeds University, UK John Bates Independent Consultant, UK José Moore and Juan Antonio Carrasco University of Concepción, Chile

The Leisure Bus' - Public transport for children's recreational activities (a case study)
Kristina Johansson and Lena Winslott Hiselius Lund University, Sweden

Modes of governance in a partly marketized public service provision. The Danish case of passenger rail
Lene Tolstrup Christensen Copenhagen Business School, Denmark

Valuing environmental encroachment in actual travel time savings - the road project Haningeleden in Stockholm *
Pernilla Ivehammar Department of Management and Engineering, Linköping University, Sweden

Developing a viable electric bus service: the Milton Keynes demonstration project *
John Miles Arup/University of Cambridge, UK Stephen Potter Open University, UK

Delivering sustainable public transport: the case of the better bus area fund *
John Preston, Yena Song and Adrian Hickford University of Southampton, UK

An evaluation of demand responsive transport as a form of sustainable local public transport *
Tim Ryley, Peter Stanley, Marcus Enoch, Alberto Zanni and Mohammed Quddus Loughborough University, UK



Workshop 7. Innovative Finance for Innovative Public Transport

Risk management in Public Private Partnerships: The case of the M4 tollroad in Australia
Demi Chung University of New South Wales, Australia David A. Hensher Institute for Transport and Logistics Studies, The University of Sydney Business School, Australia

The coming new organization of the public railway holding in France: what is at stake? *
Emmanuel Bougna and Yves Crozet Laboratory of Transport Economics, France

Implementing sustainable bus systems in developing cities - considering a commercial approach to 'system managing' bus networks
Frits Olyslagers Transtech Engineering Pty Ltd, Australia

Analysing the fiscal sustainability of transit investment projects: the case of the metropolitan railway of Brasilia *
Artur Carlos Morais College Social Sciences and Technology - Brasilia, Brazil Joaquim Jose Guilherme Aragao University of Brasilia, Brazil Rômulo Dante Orrico University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil Anisio Brasileiro de Freitas Dourado University of Pernambuco, Brazil

Development of public bicycle rental schemes through public and private partnerships in Spain
Julián Sastre S3 Transportation UK Ana Sastre López Spain David Alvarez Spain

Intelligent transport systems for the Chilean railways - a proposal based on public private sector partnership
Julián Sastre S3 Transportation, UK Mauricio Casanova Ministry of Transport and Telecommunications, Chile Daniel Brieba and Maria Fernanda Figueroa WorleyParsons, Chile

Continuous agitation between the authority and its agency: The difficult role delineation
Julie Runde Krogstad and Merethe Dotterud Leiren Institute of Transport Economics, Norway

Economic valuation of accessibility: a trigger for innovative transport funding and financing solutions *
Rosário Macário Instituto Superior Técnico - CESUR, Portugal

Policy transfer of public transport funding schemes - the case of Norway *
Silvia Olsen and Nils Fearnley Institute of Transport Economics, Norway

Workplace parking levies: the answer to funding large scale local transport improvements in the UK? *
Simon Dale Nottingham City Council/Loughborough University, UK Matthew Frost Centre for innovative and Collaborative Construction Engineering, Loughborough University, UK Stephen Ison Centre for Innovative and Collaborative Construction Engineering, Loughborough University, UK Peter Warren Nottingham City Council, UK

Cooperative car sharing in small cities and scarcely populated rural area - an experiment in Austria
Takeru Shibayama, Helmut Lemmerer, Manuela Winder and Paul Pfaffenbichler Research Center of Transport Planning and Traffic Engineering, Institute of Transportation, Vienna University of Technology, Austria

Extension and modernisation of high speed railnetwork in France: Facing the curse of PPPs in the rail sector *
Yves Crozet Laboratory of Transport Economics, France